Homepage
Homepage Homepage
Home
SiteMap
Hrvatski

Contact:

Croatian Parliament

Trg sv. Marka 6

10 000 Zagreb

Phone.: +385 1 45 69 222,
e-mail: mediji@sabor.hr
         gradjani@sabor.hr

Important Legislation
 
The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia (consolidated text)
 
Basic Provisions

Article 1
The Republic of Croatia is a unitary and indivisible democratic welfare state.
Power in the Republic of Croatia derives from the people and rests with the people as a community of free and equal citizens.
The people exercise this power through the election of representatives and through direct decision-making.

Article 2
The sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia is inalienable, indivisible and non-transferable.
The sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia encompasses its land, rivers, lakes, canals, internal maritime waters, territorial sea, and all air space above these.
The Republic of Croatia, in accordance with international law, shall exercise sovereign rights and jurisdiction over the maritime zones and seabed of the Adriatic Sea outside its state territory up to the borders of neighbouring countries.
The Croatian Parliament and people shall directly, independently, and in compliance with the Constitution and law, decide upon:
– the regulation of economic, legal and political matters in the Republic of Croatia;
– the preservation of natural and cultural wealth and use of the same;
– association in alliances with other states.
The Republic of Croatia may conclude alliances with other states, retaining its sovereign right to decide upon the powers to be so delegated and the right to freely withdraw therefrom.

Article 3
Freedom, equal rights, national and gender equality, peace-making, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the environment, the rule of law and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia.

Article 4
In the Republic of Croatia government shall be organized on the principle of separation of powers into the legislative, executive and judicial branches, but also limited by the constitutionally-guaranteed right to local and regional self-government.
The principle of separation of powers encompasses forms of mutual cooperation and reciprocal checks and balances as stipulated by the Constitution and law.

Article 5
In the Republic of Croatia, laws shall comply with the Constitution. Other regulations shall comply with the Constitution and law.
All persons shall be obliged to abide by the Constitution and law and respect the legal order of the Republic of Croatia.

Article 6
The right to establish political parties shall be unrestricted.
The internal structure of political parties shall comply with fundamental constitutional democratic principles.
Political parties shall publicly disclose the sources of their finances and assets.
Political parties which, in their platforms or by violent action, intend to undermine the free democratic order or threaten the existence of the Republic of Croatia shall be deemed unconstitutional. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia shall decide on such unconstitutionality.
The status and financing of political parties shall be regulated by law.

Article 7
The armed forces of the Republic of Croatia shall protect its sovereignty and independence and defend its territorial integrity.
Assistance in the protection of sovereignty and independence and defence of territorial integrity may also be rendered to the Republic of Croatia by allied states pursuant to ratified international treaties.
The armed forces of allied states may cross the national border and enter the Republic of Croatia or operate within the national borders thereof as stipulated under ratified international treaties, pursuant to a decision by the Government of the Republic of Croatia with the prior consent of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
The Republic of Croatia may render assistance to allied states in case of armed aggression on one or more thereof as stipulated under ratified international treaties, pursuant to a decision of the Croatian Parliament proposed by the Government of the Republic of Croatia with the prior consent of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
The armed forces of the Republic of Croatia may cross its national borders or operate across its borders pursuant to a decision of the Croatian Parliament proposed by the Government of the Republic of Croatia with the prior consent of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
The decision specified in paragraphs (3), (4) and (5) of the Article shall be made by the Croatian Parliament by a majority vote of all of its members.
Insofar as the President of the Republic of Croatia denies the consent specified in paragraphs (3), (4) and (5) of this Article, the Croatian Parliament shall make the decision by a two-thirds majority of votes of all of its members.
The armed forces of the Republic of Croatia may cross the national borders of the Republic of Croatia for the purpose of military exercises and training within the framework of international organisations to which the Republic of Croatia has acceded or is in the process of acceding pursuant to international treaties and for the purpose of rendering humanitarian assistance, pursuant to a decision by the Government of the Republic of Croatia with the prior consent of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
The armed forces of allied states may cross the national borders of the Republic of Croatia for the purpose of military exercises and training within the framework of international organisations to which the Republic of Croatia has acceded or is in the process of acceding pursuant to international treaties and for the purpose of rendering humanitarian assistance, pursuant to a decision by the Government of the Republic of Croatia with the prior consent of the President of the Republic of Croatia.
Under the circumstances specified in Articles 17 and 101 of the Constitution, the armed forces may, if necessitated by the nature of a threat, be deployed to assist the police and other state bodies.
The armed forces of the Republic of Croatia may also be deployed to assist fire fighting and rescue operations and surveillance and protection of the rights of the Republic of Croatia at sea.
The defence structure, chain of command, administration and democratic oversight of the armed forces of the Republic of Croatia shall be regulated by the Constitution and law.

Article 8
The borders of the Republic of Croatia may be altered solely by a decision of the Croatian Parliament.

Article 9
Croatian citizenship, and its acquisition and revocation, shall be regulated by law.
A citizen of the Republic of Croatia may not be forcibly exiled from the Republic of Croatia nor deprived of citizenship, nor extradited to another state, except in case of execution of a decision on extradition or surrender made in compliance with international treaty or the acquis communautaire of the European Union.

Article 10
The Republic of Croatia shall safeguard the rights and interests of its citizens living or residing abroad, and shall promote their ties to their homeland.
The Republic of Croatia shall guarantee particular care and protection to those portions of the Croatian nation in other countries.

Article 11
The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia shall be the historical Croatian coat-of-arms which is based on twenty-five alternating red and white (argent) fields.
The flag of the Republic of Croatia shall consist of a tricolour of red, white and blue, with the historical Croatian coat-of-arms in the centre.
The anthem of the Republic of Croatia is Lijepa naša domovino.
The description of the historical Croatian coat-of-arms and flag, the lyrics to the anthem, and the use of these and other state symbols shall be regulated by law.

Article 12
The Croatian language and the Latin script shall be in official use in the Republic of Croatia.
In individual local units, another language and Cyrillic or some other script may be introduced in official use together with the Croatian language and Latin script under conditions specified by law.

Article 13
The capital city of the Republic of Croatia is Zagreb.
The status, jurisdiction and organization of the capital city Zagreb shall be regulated by law.

Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

   


Croatian Parliament 2014 Legal notice
Impressum
Powered by iSite